Does a reporter have to be a believer to cover religion?
A simple question, but a vexing one, as there are two currents of thought at work in Western culture today.
The classical view, characterized as the Anglo-American school of journalism, would say no. For journalists working from this perspective, the highest virtue is critical disinterest. The reporter’s personal views play no part in the story. He or she writes from a distance, laying out the facts, providing context and history, with the goal of enabling the reader to make up their own mind.
There are limits. One may assume Hitler and the Nazis were evil. But few questions are as straightforward as that. For example, how do you report on religions on the margins? Do you have to believe in the religion you are covering? What if you are assigned a story on Pastafarians?
The European school of journalism sees reporting primarily as a species of ideological activism. The message the story teaches — not the content of the story — is where value lies. The issue for a devotee of advocacy journalism is not whether a story is worth reporting, but what cause will this serve if it is reported?
The precise components of that activism will vary depending on the nature of the politics involved. Radical feminists have their issues and controversies, which tend to differ from issues and controversies that preoccupy devotees of racial, cultural, political, sexual and the other tribal commitments of the postmodern West.
The end product of this school of advocacy journalism differs according to the political aims of the author. But all work from the premise cited by Joseph Stalin in 1932: «писатели — инженеры человеческих душ». (Writers — engineers of the human soul). Союз писателей СССР, Воронежское отделение, «Подъëм» (1990), p. 48.
Advocacy journalism, by its very nature, is more pleasing to a mind predisposed to its conclusions. A skeptic…